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Abraham Lincoln


"A house divided against itself cannot stand. "

Attribution: Speech delivered at the close of the Republican state convention, which named him the candidate for the United States Senate, Springfield, Illinois.

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Date: June 16, 1858

Abraham Lincoln


16th President of the United States (1861–65). Born Feb. 12, 1809, in a log cabin in the woods of Hardin County, KY (now Larue County). Abraham had almost no formal schooling— but he taught himself, reading and rereading a small stock of books. In 1830 the Lincolns moved once more, this time to Macon County., IL. Lincoln worked many different jobs including a store, mill, partner in a grocery, as a surveyor, postmaster and rail-splitter. during this time he continued to improve his education and began to study law. In 1834, he was elected to the state legislature and served four successive terms. In 1836 he obtained his attorney's license moved to Springfield, where his practice steadily increased. In 1874 he was elected and served one term in congress. In 1855 he failed in his attempt for a senate seat. During this time his anti-slavery stance was becoming well known and leading his away from the Whig party. In 1856 he became a Republican. In 1860 he was elected president. His election triggered the secession of seven states. Lincoln was determined to preserve the Union at all costs, and promised he would not use force. However, he did order the readying of Fort Sumter. The South regarded this as an act of war and on Apr. 12, 1861, Fort Sumter was fired upon, and the Civil War began. On April 14, 1865, while attending a performance at Ford’s Theater, he was shot by John Wilkes Booth and died the next morning.



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