Attribution: Speech delivered at the
close of the Republican state convention, which named him the candidate for
the United States Senate, Springfield, Illinois.
Click here to listen.
Date: June 16, 1858
16th President of the United States (1861–65). Born Feb. 12, 1809, in a log
cabin in the woods of Hardin County, KY (now Larue County). Abraham had
almost no formal schooling— but he taught himself, reading and rereading a
small stock of books. In 1830 the Lincolns moved once more, this time to
Macon County., IL. Lincoln worked many different jobs including a store,
mill, partner in a grocery, as a surveyor, postmaster and rail-splitter.
during this time he continued to improve his education and began to study
law. In 1834, he was elected to the state legislature and served four
successive terms. In 1836 he obtained his attorney's license moved to
Springfield, where his practice steadily increased. In 1874 he was elected
and served one term in congress. In 1855 he failed in his attempt for a
senate seat. During this time his anti-slavery stance was becoming well
known and leading his away from the Whig party. In 1856 he became a
Republican. In 1860 he was elected president. His election triggered the
secession of seven states. Lincoln was determined to preserve the Union at
all costs, and promised he would not use force. However, he did order the
readying of Fort Sumter. The South regarded this as an act of war and on
Apr. 12, 1861, Fort Sumter was fired upon, and the Civil War began. On April
14, 1865, while attending a performance at Ford’s Theater, he was shot by
John Wilkes Booth and died the next morning.