"No man is entitled to the blessings of
freedom unless he be vigilant in its preservation."
Title of speech to the people of Japan upon the first anniversary of the
Click here to listen.
May 3, 1948
American general, born in Little Rock, AK. MacArthur graduated from West
Point in 1903 and began his military career serving in the Philippines and
Japan. In 1906 he was appointed as an aide to President Theodore Roosevelt.
After the US entered World War I he was promoted (June, 1918) to brigadier
general. MacArthur was superintendent of West Point from 1919–22. In 1932 he
provoked much criticism by commanding the troop action ordered under
President Herbert Hoover that evicted the Bonus Marchers from Washington. In
1935 President Franklin Delano Roosevelt appointed MacArthur head of the
American military mission to the new Philippine Commonwealth. MacArthur
retired from the U.S. army in 1937, but later returned to duty in 1941 to
command U.S. armed forces in East Asia. He was promoted in 1944 to the new
rank of General of the Army (five-star general) and accepted the surrender
of Japan on the U.S.S. Missouri on Sept. 2, 1945. In 1950, at the beginning
of the Korean War he was appointed commander of UN military forces in South
Korea, while retaining his command of Allied forces in Japan. After a
dispute with President Harry Truman was made public, President Truman
removed MacArthur from office in 1951.