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George Washington


"For if Men are to be precluded from offering their Sentiments on a matter, which may involve the most serious and alarming consequences, that can invite the consideration of Mankind, reason is of no use to us; the freedom of Speech may be taken away, and, dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep, to the Slaughter."

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Attribution: Address to the officers of the army, Newburgh, New York.

Date: March 15, 1783

George Washington

First President of the United States (1789–97), commander in chief of the Continental army in the American Revolution and called the Father of His Country. He was born on Feb. 22, 1732 in Westmoreland County, VA. Born to a wealthy family Washington began his career as a surveyor and later was appointed to his first public office, surveyor of Culpeper Co. Later, after his half-brother, Lawrence Washington, died, George inherited part of his estate and took over some of Lawrence’s duties as adjutant of the colony. As district adjutant, he became Major Washington at the age of 20 and was ordered to train the militia in the quarter assigned to him. Washington first gained attention at the end of the French and Indian War and by the end was named commander in chief of the Virginia Militia. Washington married in 1759 and settled at his Mt. Vernon estate. He was a member of the house of burgesses and a delegate to the Continental Congress. After the American Revolution began Washington was named commander in chief of the Continental forces. After the war ended he retired from the army and returned to Mt. Vernon. Unhappy with the current government, he joined the movement dedicated to reorganizing it. After a new government was organized, Washington was unanimously chosen the first President and took office on April 30, 1789. He was again unanimously reelected to a second term in 1793, but weary of the political life refused a third term. He retired to his estate in Mt. Vernon and later died on Dec. 14, 1799.


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